The Python power function **pow()** from the math module allows us to perform exponentiation and find roots of numbers easily.

```
import math
square_of_4 = math.pow(4,2)
sqrt_of_4 = math.pow(4,1/2)
```

The Python math module has many powerful functions which make performing certain calculations in Python very easy.

One such calculation which is very easy to perform in Python is finding the value of numbers to the certain power.

We can use the Python power function **pow()** from the math module to do exponentiation and find roots of numbers easily.

The **pow()** function takes two numbers as input, the first number is the base and the second number is the exponent.

For example, for squaring in Python, we pass “2” to the second parameter in the **pow()** function.

Below are some examples of how to use the **pow()** function to find the squares of various numbers.

```
import math
print(math.pow(4, 2))
print(math.pow(9, 2))
print(math.pow(13, 2))
print(math.pow(90, 2))
print(math.pow(2182, 2))
#Output:
16.0
81.0
169.0
8100.0
4761124.0
```

## Exponentiating Numbers in Python with math.pow()

We can use the math **pow()** function in Python to perform exponentiation for any exponent.

For example, if we want to find the value of a number to the 3rd power, we pass “3” as the second argument.

```
import math
print(math.pow(4, 3))
print(math.pow(9, 3))
#Output:
64.0
729.0
```

To find the value of a number to the 5th power, we pass “5” as the second argument.

```
import math
print(math.pow(4, 5))
print(math.pow(9, 5))
#Output:
1024.0
59049.0
```

## Finding the Square Root of a Number in Python with math.pow()

The **pow()** function from the Python math module also lets us compute square roots.

For a square root, we pass “1/2” to the second parameter in the **pow()** function. For roots, we must pass positive numbers to **pow()** for the first argument.

Below are some examples of how to use the **pow()** function to find square roots.

```
import math
print(math.pow(4, 1/2))
print(math.pow(9, 1/2))
print(math.pow(13, 1/2))
print(math.pow(90, 1/2))
print(math.pow(2182, 1/2))
#Output:
2.0
3.0
3.605551275463989
9.486832980505138
46.71188285650665
```

## Finding the nth Root of a Number in Python with math.pow()

The **pow()** function from the Python math module also lets us compute nth roots.

For a nth root, given any n, we pass “1/n” to the second parameter in the **pow()** function. Again, for roots, we must pass positive numbers to **pow()** for the first argument.

Below are some examples of how to use the **pow()** function to find nth roots.

```
import math
#n=2
print(math.pow(4,1/2))
#n=3
print(math.pow(9,1/3))
#n=5
print(math.pow(13,1/5))
#n=6
print(math.pow(90,1/6))
#n=9
print(math.pow(2182,1/9))
#Output:
2.0
2.080083823051904
1.6702776523348104
2.1169328630254585
2.3495455051249885
```

## Finding the Roots of Negative Numbers in Python

If you try to pass a negative number to the math **pow()** function, you will get a ValueError.

There are two ways you can find the roots of negative numbers in Python.

If the root is odd (3rd, 5th, 7th, etc.), you can use the built in exponentiation operator ******.

```
import math
#n=9
print(math.pow(-2182,1/9))
#Output:
-2.3495455051249885
```

If the root is 2, you can use the square root function **sqrt()** from Python cmath module.

```
import cmath
print(cmath.sqrt(-2182))
#Output:
46.71188285650665j
```

Hopefully this article has been beneficial for you to learn how to use the Python power function **pow()** from the math module to exponentiate and find roots of numbers.

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