In Python, the easiest way to find the factorial of an nonnegative integer number is with the Python **factorial()** function from the math module.

```
import math
factorial_of_5 = math.factorial(5)
```

The Python math module has many powerful functions which make performing certain calculations in Python very easy.

One such calculation which is very easy to perform in Python is finding the factorial of a number.

We can find the factorial of a number easily with the Python math module **factorial()** function.

To do so, we need to pass a nonnegative integer number to **math.factorial()**

Below are a few examples of how to use the **factorial()** function to find the factorial of different numbers with in Python.

```
import math
print(math.factorial(3))
print(math.factorial(5))
print(math.factorial(8))
print(math.factorial(12))
#Output:
6
120
40320
479001600
```

We can also define our own functions to calculate factorials using recursion or factorials with for loops in Python.

## Using Recursion to Calculate Factorial of Number in Python

In Python, we can use recursion to calculate the factorial of a number. To calculate the factorial of a number in Python using recursion, we need to define the base case, and then define the recursive step.

The base case for the factorial function is when n is 0 or 1. In that case, we want to return 1. If n is greater than 1, then we will call the function again with n – 1 as the input.

Below is a recursive function for calculating the factorial of a number. I’ve also included some input validation to make sure that the input is a nonnegative integer.

```
def factorial_with_recursion(n):
if isinstance(n,int) and n >= 0:
if n == 0 or n == 1:
return 1
else:
return n * factorial_with_recursion(n-1)
else:
return "Not valid input"
print(factorial_with_recursion(3))
print(factorial_with_recursion(5))
print(factorial_with_recursion(8))
print(factorial_with_recursion(12))
#Output:
6
120
40320
479001600
```

As you can see, we receive the same results as we did from using the Python math **factorial()** function.

## Using Iteration to Calculate Factorial of Number in Python

We can also use iteration to find the factorial of a number in Python. We can use a for loop in our Python code to define a function which will calculate factorials for us.

To do so, we just need loop from 1 to n, and get the cumulative product of the index.

Below is a iterative function for calculating the factorial of a number. I’ve also included some input validation to make sure that the input is a nonnegative integer.

```
def factorial_with_iteration(n):
if isinstance(n,int) and n >= 0:
if n == 0:
return 1
else:
factorial = 1
for x in range(1, n + 1):
factorial = factorial * x
return factorial
else:
return "Not valid input"
print(factorial_with_iteration(3))
print(factorial_with_iteration(5))
print(factorial_with_iteration(8))
print(factorial_with_iteration(12))
#Output:
6
120
40320
479001600
```

As you can see, we receive the same results as we did from using the Python math **factorial()** function.

Hopefully this article has been useful for you to learn how to use Python to calculate factorials.

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